The Temple of Poseidon in Sounion Athens: Cape Sounion is found about 70 km to the south-east of Athens, on the southernmost tip of Attica peninsula. The total number of original columns of the outer colonnade was 34, of which 15 still stand today (with the addition of 1 out of 4 columns of the inner naos). Ancient Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion in Aegean sea, Greece, c3325a23e8bd9867d4ddefeef059ed6a A deep pit to the southeast of the temenos was used to deposit the remains of the Archaic-period offerings destroyed in the Persian invasion. The original, Archaic-period temple of Poseidon on the site, which was built of tufa, was probably destroyed in 480 BC by Persian troops during Xerxes I's invasion of Greece. He goes on to reflect "the people of this country knew how to inhabit and demarcate the world against the barbarous in honour of the seat of the gods. Cape Sounion and Temple of Poseidon Half-Day Trip from Athens (From US$63.07) Cape Sounion and Temple of Poseidon Half-Day Small-Group Tour from Athens (From US$66.78) Cape Sounio, Temple of Poseidon and Athenian riviera private tour from Athens (From US$102.03) Sunset at the Cape Sounion Half Day Tour (From US$71.73) Takes about 1,5 hours one way. The story recounts that as the various Greek commanders sailed back from Troy, the helmsman of the ship of King Menelaus of Sparta died at his post while rounding "Holy Sounion, Cape of Athens. The monument's present state is due to the work performed in the 1950s by the Greek Archaeological Service, led by Anastasios Orlandos. Perched on the craggy rocks of Cape Sounio, the temple is enveloped in myth and historic facts dated from antiquity until the … Sounion was a deme of the Leontis tribe (phyle) even before its fortification in the Peloponnesian War. My dream travel list was always an extensive one. Cape Sounion and the Temple of Poseidon is a great place to visit on a day trip from Athens. [4] The Temple of Poseidon was situated in the southeastern corner of the fortress, with the garrison quarters arranged along a main stream on the western slope of the hill. This full-day excursion combines Ancient Greek history with Mythology through a wonderful experience. They were made of locally quarried white marble. The Poseidon building was rectangular, with a colonnade on all four sides encompassing the peristasis. "[1] Menelaus landed at Sounion to give his companion full funeral honours (i.e., cremation on a funeral pyre on the beach). They were 6.10 m (20 ft) high, with a diameter of 1 m (3.1 ft) at the base and 79 cm (31 inches) at the top. The fortress included a small naval base, with a shipshed for two warships in the northwestern corner (37°39′09″N 24°01′22″E / 37.6524°N 24.0228°E / 37.6524; 24.0228). The archaic temple was probably destroyed in 480 BC by Persian troops during Xerxes I's invasion of Greece. License. The Temple of Poseidon. Ever since I can remember, I’ve always made lists for everything. The project Arrangement of the Archaeological Site of Sounion (2011–2013) was co-financed by the Greek Ministry of Culture and Sports and the European Union (ERDF). This was during the ascendancy of the Athenian statesman Pericles, who also rebuilt the Parthenon in Athens. ...they knew how to praise what is great and by acknowledging it, to bring themselves in front of the sublime, founding, in this way, a world" (ibid.). 278–285). [3], Sounion was fortified in the nineteenth year of the Peloponnesian War (413 BCE) for the purpose of protecting the passage of the cornships to Athens,[4] and was regarded from that time as one of the principal fortreses of Attica. Open: Winter: 9:30 until sunset Summer: 9:30 a.m. - sunset Last entry: 20 minutes before sunset time Perseus Digital Library, for search term 'Sounion, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Temple_of_Poseidon,_Sounion&oldid=996957456, 5th-century BC religious buildings and structures, Ancient Greek archaeological sites in Greece, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It is 59.6 km away from Athens. [9], The original, Archaic-period temple of Poseidon on the site was built of tufa. Cape Sounion is the southernmost point of Attica, and in antiquity, as today, sailors knew they were getting near Athens when they caught sight of the Temple of Poseidon's slender Doric columns. *Not included the most parts of Athens urban area, Greek cape at the southernmost tip of the Attic peninsula, ἀλλ᾽ ὅτε Σούνιον ἱρὸν ἀφικόμεθ᾽, ἄκρον Ἀθηνέων, Perseus Digital Library, for search term 'Sounion. It was built to honour Poseidon, God of the sea. He marvels at "the way that this single gesture of the land suggests the invisible nearness of the divine and dedicates to it every growth and every human work" (ibid.). Cape Sounio remains a popular day-excursion for tourists from Athens, with the sunset over the Aegean Sea, as viewed from the ruins, a sought-after sight since the first development of modern tourism in the early 19th century.[25]. ), This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 10:28. In the strong sea breeze "these few standing columns were the strings of an invisible lyre, the song of which the far-seeing Delian god let resonate over the Cycladic world of islands". The temple closely resembles the contemporary and well-preserved Temple of Hephaestus beneath the Acropolis, which may have been designed by the same architect. 0/5. They were made of white marble quarried locally at Laureotic Olympus. The temple of Poseidon, the ancient Greek god of the sea, dominates the southernmost tip of Attica, where the horizon meets the Aegean Sea. Strabo noted: The design of the peripteros temple is a typical hexastyle, i.e.,, it had a front portico with six Doric columns. There is, however, no direct evidence that the inscription was made by Byron himself. Perched on the heights of the cape, the temple was appropriately dedicated to the god of the sea, Poseidon. You can buy a ticket once you board the bus: there is a guy walking on the bus with tickets. The temple was built twice. Cape Sounion and Temple of Poseidon Half-Day Small-Group Tour from Athens (From US$66,72) Cape Sounio, Temple of Poseidon and Athenian riviera private tour from Athens (From US$101,93) Sunset at the Cape Sounion Half Day Tour (From US$71,66) Cape Sounio Afternoon Tour (From US$55,60) See all Temple of Poseidon experiences on Tripadvisor The standing … The Sounio national park (Εθνικός Δρυμός τού Σουνίου) was established in 1974 with a core area of 750 hectares. The Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion is the best half day trip you can do out of Athens or combine it with a swim and lunch or dinner at a seaside fish taverna. [16] Although there is no direct evidence for Sounion, Xerxes certainly had the temple of Athena and everything else on the Acropolis of Athens, razed as punishment for the Athenians' defiance. At Cape Sounion, 70km south of Athens, the Temple of Poseidon stands on a craggy spur that plunges 65m to the sea. It was built on the ruins of a temple dating from the Archaic period. It was built in 470 BC, replacing an older building of the 6th century. [18] The Sounion fortress was soon later seized from the Athenians by a force of rebel slaves from the nearby silver mines of Laurium.[19]. It was erected in the middle of the 5th century BC and built to honour Poseidon, god of the sea. As with all Greek temples, the Poseidon building was rectangular, with a colonnade on all four sides. The first temple was demolished by the Persians in the early 5th century BC. The temple of Poseidon at Sounion The Temple of Poseidon (Ναός Ποσειδώνος) is the most prominent monument at the archaeological site of Sounion, in southeast Attica. A column from the temple can be seen in the British Museum.[10]. In ancient times it was called Sounias Akra (edge) and was connected with the legends of Athens and the Aegean. The Grecotel Cape Sounio luxury resort was built in 1973.[26]. The beauty of the remains of the temple and its … The design of the Temple of Poseidon is a typical hexastyle i.e. Construction of villas across the bay northwest of Cape Sounio flourished in the 1960s to 1970s. The earliest literary reference to Sounion is in Homer's Odyssey (III. [13] At the center of the temple, colonnade would have been the hall of worship (naos), a windowless rectangular room, similar to the partly intact hall at the Temple of Hephaestus. There's only one stop at Sounion. [12] Only some columns of the Sounion temple stand today, but when intact it would have closely resembled the contemporary and well-preserved Temple of Hephaestus beneath the Acropolis, which may have been designed by the same architect. During the trip, it was great talking with Antonis about the history and culture of Greece. On the way Antonis drove us through some beautiful locals on the outskirts of Athens. The story recounts that as the various Greek commanders sailed back from Troy, the helmsman of the ship of King Menelaus of Sparta died at his post while rounding "Holy Sounion, Cape of Athens." ★ Temple of Poseidon (Rio) built by the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II in 1499 above the ruins of an ancient temple of Poseidon within three months. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}37°39′01″N 24°01′28″E / 37.6502°N 24.02455°E / 37.6502; 24.02455. 590 BC)[7] and the relief of a "self-crowning athlete" (ca. Ce temple dorique domine la mer à l'extrémité du cap Sounion, à une hauteur de près de 60 mètres. The temple of Athena was demolished in the 1st century AD, and parts of its columns were taken to Athens to be used in the South-East temple of the Agora. Jessica Paga, "Attic Sanctuaries" in: Miles (ed. Uploaded by Mark Cartwright, published on 26 April 2012 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike.This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Menelaus landed at Sounion to give his companion full funeral honours (i.e., cremation on a funeral pyre on the beach). Cape of Sounion, with its famous temple dedicated to the god Poseidon, is one of the most beautiful natural areas of Attica and one of the most impressive archaeological sites in Greece. It is part of Lavreotiki municipality, East Attica, Greece. A two-way ticket was about 5 euro in 2008. Cape Sounion (Modern Greek: Aκρωτήριο Σούνιο Akrotírio Soúnio [akroˈtirʝo ˈsuɲo]; Ancient Greek: Ἄκρον Σούνιον Άkron Soúnion, latinized Sunium; Venetian: Capo Colonne "Cape of Columns") is the promontory at the southernmost tip of the Attic peninsula, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of the town of Lavrio (ancient Thoricus), and 70 kilometres (43 mi) southeast of Athens. Le temple de Poséidon au cap Sounion est un temple grec classique, construit entre -444 et -440. This stunning structure was built around 440 BC and the standing columns remain a testament to the architectural prowess of the Greeks at that time. The original, Archaic-period temple of Poseidon on the site, which was built of tufa, was probably destroyed in 480 BC by Persian troops during Xerxes I's invasion of Greece. The temple itself was magnificent. Cape Sounion and its temple were always a welcome sight for sailors as they approached Athens. May hear our mutual murmurs sweep...[23]. The temple is located on top of the hill at Cape Sounion, 68 kilometers away from Athens and it was dedicated to the God of the Sea and brother of Zeus, Poseidon! [17], In 413 BC, during the Peloponnesian War against the Spartans, the Athenians fortified the site with a wall and towers to prevent it from falling into Spartan hands. 16 out of the 38 columns are standing today (of which four were re-erected in the 20th century). Sounion, about an hour outside of Athens, is home to the beautiful Temple of Poseidon and some incredible views. The temple of Poseidon at Sounion was constructed in 444–440 BC. The Temple of Poseidon at Sounion. Cape Sounion is noted for its Temple of Poseidon, one of the major monuments of the Golden Age of Athens. Temple of Poseidon Sounion At the moment, the road from Athens to Cape Sounion , thanks to the tourism and entertainment infrastructure developed in Greece , gives the traveler the opportunity not only to enjoy the scenic views, but also to rest on the way on one of the magnificent Greek beaches. Discover the signatures on the temple marble left by famous authors who visited the Cape of Sounion, including the Romantic poet Lord Byron. The name Capo Colonne (graecicized Καβοκολώνες Kavokolones) is reported from the 17th century, for the reason that unusually, several columns of the temple of Poseidon had remained standing since antiquity. After they defeated Xerxes in the naval Battle of Salamis, the Athenians placed an entire captured enemy trireme (warship with three banks of oars) at Sounion as a tro… Reviews 0 Reviews. It was built on the ruins of a temple dating from the Archaic period. to Sounion viewed the ruined temple of Poseidon in a romantic mood. [2], The deme was located between Amphitrope to the west and Thorikos to the north. Byron mentions Sounion in his poem Isles of Greece: Place me on Sunium's marbled steep, The Temple of Poseidon at Sounion; The Temple of Poseidon at Sounion is the best half-day trip you can do out of Athens with the possible exception of the Zoo.That is why I was kind of embarrassed when I realized I had not been there since I was dragged there by my high school ancient history teacher, the now famous Nikos Stavrolakis founder of the Jewish Museum of Athens. [1] After they defeated Xerxes in the naval Battle of Salamis, the Athenians placed an entire captured enemy trireme (warship with three banks of oars) at Sounion as a trophy dedicated to Poseidon.[2]. Le premier temple de Poséidon, d'époque archaïque, était construit en tuffeau, au même endroit. The ancient Greek temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion, built during 444–440 BC, is one of the major monuments of the Golden Age of Athens. Walk around the magnificent Temple of Poseidon, one of the most important temples in Greece. The walls which are fortified with square towers, are of the most regular Hellenic masonry, and enclose a space or a little more than half a mile in circumference. Athens. Martin Heidegger visited Sounion during his journey to Greece in 1962, as described in his book Sojourns. The area is located just 45 miles south of Athens city centre. The first excavations were made by Wilhelm Dörpfeld, Director of the German Archaeological Institute, in 1884. Same deal: buses arrive and leave every hour. A smaller Doric temple next to the temple of Athena is thought to have been dedicated either to the hero Phrontis or to Artemis. The Temple of Poseidon Sounio is famous for its sunset and for its characteristic ancient Greek temple that rises on the rock. 460 BC),[8] both now in the Athens National Archaeological Museum. According to Traill (1986), the center of the settlement was situated somewhat to the north of the cape, between the modern settlements of Ano Sounio and Kato Sounio (close to 37°40′26″N 24°01′48″E / 37.674°N 24.030°E / 37.674; 24.030). In my opinion, one of the most majestic temples in the whole of Greece is the Temple of Poseidon at Sounion, about 70 kms away from central Athens. Vacation Style Holiday Type. It is the location of this Temple that makes it memorable and a place to visit. The columns are of the Doric Order. Only some columns of the Cape Sounion Temple stand today, but intact it would have closely resembled the contemporary and well-preserved Temple of Hephaestus beneath the Acropolis, which may have been designed by the same architect. The southern part of Attica, extending northwards from the promontory of Sounion as far as Thoricus on the east, and Anaphlystus on the west, is called by Herodotus the Suniac angle (τὸν γουνὸν τὸν Σουνιακόν). Cape Sounion and its dramatic landscapes sit on the southernmost tip of mainland Greece. This bus goes to Sounion along the coast line, it's a scenic route, very beautiful. [9] [5] Its proximity to the silver mines of Laurium probably contributed to its prosperity, which passed into a proverb;[6] but even in the time of Cicero it had sunk into decay. Herbert Abramson, "A Hero Shrine for Phrontis at Sounion? It’s about an hour drive from Athens, and it’s a beautiful site to visit while there. Athens' supply situation had become critical since the city's land supply lines had been cut by the Spartan fortification of Dekeleia, to the north of Attica. The temple is dedicated to the Greek God Poseidon, the brother of Zeus, and the God of the sea. Bust of the 6th Duke of Devonshire, atop a column from the Temple Of Poseidon, Cape Sounion, with inscription by George Howard, 7th Earl of Carlisle - Chatsworth House - Derbyshire, England - DSC03588.jpg 3,648 × 5,472; 14.45 MB The Sounion Kouros, discovered in 1906 in a pit east of the temple alongside fragments of other statues, was probably one of a number of votive statues dedicated to Poseidon which probably stood in front of the god's sanctuary. The Temple of Poseidon in the Cape of Sounion and the city of Marathon are two remote gems, one hour each away from Athens ready to be explored. [20] The fortress was maintained well into the Hellenistic period. Systematic excavations by Valerios Stais followed in the period 1897–1913. Temple of Poseidon in Sounion. Built in 444 BC – same year as the Parthenon – of marble from nearby Agrilesa, it is a vision of gleaming white columns. Cape Sounion itself is located between the villages of Kato Sounio and Legrena. [7] The circuit of the walls may still be traced, except where the precipitous nature of the rocks afforded a natural defence. Along with its twin, the Antirrio Castle; is a list of temples of Poseidon Temple of Poseidon at Kalaureia Temple of Poseidon at Sounion Temple of Isthmia Temple of Poseidon at Rio Achaea The excavation campaign by Stais in the 1906 season uncovered numerous artifacts and inscriptions, most notably a marble kouros statue known as the Sounion Kouros (ca. The Lavreotiki municipality was established in 1890 under the name of Sounio, and renamed to Lavreotiki in 1891. A Doric temple, it overlooks the sea at the end of Cape Sounion, at a height of almost 60 metres. [10] After they defeated Xerxes in the naval Battle of Salamis, the Athenians placed an entire captured enemy trireme (warship with three banks of oars) at Sounion as a trophy dedicated to Poseidon.[11]. The inscribed name of George Lord Byron, carved into the base of one of the columns of the Temple of Poseidon, possibly dates from his first visit to Greece, on his Grand Tour of Europe before he acquired fame. Efforts at restoring and preserving the remains of the Poseidon temple began in 1875. Scottish poet William Falconer (1732-1769) was shipwrecked off Cape Colonna, as Sounion was then known, in 1750, an event depicted in the central scene of his The Shipwreck (1762).[22]. The ancient Greek temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion, built during 444–440 BC, is one of the major monuments of the Golden Age of Athens. Le Roy (1754), R. Chandler (1765) and E. Dodwell (1805). Its territory included parts of the Mines of Laurion. Cape Sounion is the… Where nothing, save the waves and I, [15] It was built adjacent to a peribolos identified as the burial mound and shrine to Phrontis, the helmsman of Menelaus whose burial at Sounion is mentioned in the Odyssey. This area is often quite simply referred to as “Sounion”. Learn about the Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounio, located at the southernmost point of Attica & made entirely of white marble. [5] It would have contained, at one end facing the entrance, the cult image, a colossal, ceiling-height (6 metres (20 ft)) bronze statue of Poseidon.[14]. According to legend, it was at Sounion that Theseus's father, King Aegeus, awaited his son's return from his journey to Crete to slay the Minotaur.

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